Basic Characteristics of Funaria
Habitat: – It is common moss and found growing at damp places.
Size: – Its size is half to an inch.
It consists of three parts.
- i) A vertical stem like structure.
- ii) Leaf like photosynthetic structure.
iii) Multicellular rhizoids arising from the lower side. It absorbs water and salts.
- i) Male $ex organ (antheridia) is present at the tip branch.
- ii) Female $ex organ (archegonia) is present at the tip branch.
- i) Fertilization occur in archegonium in the presence of water.
- ii) Embryo and then sporophyte develop into zygote.
iii) The sporophyte gets water, salts and food from parent plant.
- iv) Sporophyte consists of Foot, Seta, and Capsule.
Alternation of Generation: – Funaria has well defined alternation of generation.
HapIoid gametophyte generation is dominant. Diploid sporophyte attached to and more less dependent on the gametophyte.
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