In connection with the results, experts urge public health politicians to make changes that will reduce the impact of pesticides on a pregnant woman to zero. However, some scientists question the conflicting results, as previous studies have shown that autism is largely genetic in nature, and only a small proportion of cases are due to environmental factors.
Autism Spectrum Disorders are developmental disorders in which patients experience difficulties in communication and behavior. Disorders include several conditions, including autism, Asperger syndrome and disintegrative disorder. Autism spectrum disorders are usually diagnosed in children as young as two years after they develop symptoms such as decreased eye contact, no response to the name, and a tendency to repeat movements.
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During the trials, scientists examined about 3,000 patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, 445 of whom also had intellectual disabilities. The control group included more than 35,000 healthy people. Researchers analyzed the effects of 11 common pesticides on participants before birth and during infancy. It was found that in children exposed to pesticides, the risk of developing autism spectrum disorders was approximately 8% higher than in children from the control group. At the same time, the likelihood of autism spectrum disorders, together with mental retardation, causing problems with social and practical skills, reached 50%.