Comedo is a cosmetic defect on the skin, a kind of cork that clogs the pores. This problem worries many. In today’s article we will describe how to deal with closed comedones on the face.
What is a comedo?
Medicine and cosmetology define indoor comedo as a cyst, which is formed on the site of the subcutaneous hair follicle. This cyst consists of sebum, dirt, residues of cosmetics. The flaw looks like a white, slightly convex tubercle. Its diameter is 1-2 mm. The rash is localized on the T-zone (nose, forehead, chin) and cheeks. A face with comedones looks sloppy, untidy, causes rejection. Attempts to squeeze whitish papula lead to failure, because the duct is closed and the pus can not go out.
comendones are black spots on the face, that is, polluted and enlarged pores, clogged with darkened sebum
Why does a defect occur?
Proper cleansing is the key to a healthy, clean, radiant skin. If we neglect the use of lotions, tonics, bad wash off the remnants of cosmetics, the sebaceous glands will certainly clog up. Also, it is provoked by an improperly selected line of cosmetics or cheap, low-grade cosmetics, created on the basis of low-quality raw materials.
Skin type is defined as oily, if 20 minutes after washing the face acquires a characteristic greasy shine. If you wet the dermis with a paper napkin, an oil mark will remain. With this type of epidermis, the sebaceous glands liberally secrete a secret that clogs the pores and prevents their natural cleansing.
Often the mechanism of occurrence of comedones is associated with hormonal disorders. It happens:
during pregnancy, lactation;
at the time of adolescent restructuring of the body;
in the period of acute PMS.
From the biology course, we remember that the adrenal glands produce testosterone in both the female and male bodies. This hormone regulates many processes, including sebum production. Increased secretion of testosterone leads to the appearance of a large amount of sebium, which is mixed with the scales of the epidermis and closes the pores. When entering into a reaction with oxygen contained in the air, the sebium condenses. Occur familiar to many white dots. This is an excellent breeding ground for bacteria that provoke the appearance of rashes and ulcers.
If parents have a tendency to clog pores on the face, their type of dermis can be transmitted to the child.
Medication side effect
In the instructions for taking certain medications it is written that their prolonged use may cause the appearance of comedones. It can be antidepressants (lithium, barbiturates), anti-epilepsy drugs, steroids, contraceptives, immunomodulators.
The etymology of the term “comedo” takes its roots from the Latin “comedonis”, which means “glutton”. Thus, the ancient Greeks believed that the reason for the emergence of this type of eel lies in the abuse of fatty, oily, sweet dishes. The appearance of whitish bumps provoke marinades, pickles, spicy foods, fast food, an abundance of pastries in the diet.
Wrong way of life
Alcohol abuse and smoking affects the condition of our skin. The epidermis “forgets” that it can self-clean, the regeneration processes in tissues slow down, the dust accumulated on the dermis during the day mixes with the greasy secret, these plugs clog pores.
Increased body tension leads to an increase in the formation of sebum, affects hormones. This provokes the emergence of comedones.
Unfavorable environmental situation
For people who live in areas with high humidity, or in polluted regions, where the atmosphere is oversaturated with exhaust gases and emissions of waste products from the pipes of enterprises, the skin is prone to the occurrence of closed eels.
How to open comedones?
At home, you can try to open the pores and squeeze out pollution using a special tool – a lancet with a loop. First you need to clean and soften the epidermis. To this end, a soft towel soaked in hot water is applied to the skin. The second way is to steam the face over a pot of hot chamomile decoction for 10 minutes. Be sure to disinfect your hands so as not to infect the infection. Wash them thoroughly with soap, wipe with hydrogen peroxide or antiseptic. Then you can use the tool. The use of lancet requires a certain skill. Its incorrect use can lead to scars and scars. Be careful when you pierce the comedo with the sharp end of the device. Then flip the tool, loop the folder and squeeze the contents. The procedure is completed by treating the face with a cotton pad moistened with a disinfecting solution.
it is necessary to clean the face from comedones (black dots) while they are small, otherwise the stretched pores cannot be restored and smoothed out the damaged skin
Special procedures which are carried out in the cosmetology salon or clinic, as well as traditional medicine and various cosmetics will help to bring the skin in order and get rid of the unpleasant flaw.
A light peeling, which the doctor performs using an ultrasound machine (scrubber), exfoliates the top layer of the epidermis. Pores open, pus and pollution are removed, the skin heals. Ultrasonic cleaning does not remove deep sebaceous plugs, but if you have recently had closed comedones on your face and there are not many of them, the procedure is very effective.
Compounds based on acids (lactic, salicylic, trichloroacetic) are applied to the skin in the form of a mask. Means “burn” the upper layer of the dermis. At this time, the patient may experience a feeling of discomfort, slight tingling. During the procedure, the cornified layer of skin is completely destroyed, clogged pores open, and the impurities dissolve. Within several days after chemical peeling, subject to the recommendations for care, the dermis is renewed and heals, it becomes clean and healthy.
Laser – an innovative means of dealing with comedones. Its action is similar to chemical peeling, but the recovery period takes less time. The laser beam burns out the top layer of the dermis. The epithelium is updated, the sebaceous glands function is normalized, secretion is minimized. The skin becomes clean, looks well-groomed, and the probability of recurrence of comendons is significantly reduced.
Mask with egg white and lemon
Lemon contains fruit acid, the action of which is similar to the effect that chemical peeling has. Protein, in turn, tightens pores and pulls pollution from them. Mix in a ceramic bowl freshly squeezed juice of 1 lemon and 1 egg white, distribute the composition of the problem areas. After 20 minutes, rinse with cold water. Complete the procedure by wiping the skin with a tonic. Use the tool 3 times a week.
A good lotion for opening comedones for daily use can be prepared based on:
glycerin – 50 g .;
lemon juice – 10 ml .;
water – 100 ml.
Mix the ingredients in a glass bottle. Wipe face in the morning and evening, after washing. Store the composition in the refrigerator for no longer than 3 days.
Talker with salicylic acid
You will need:
salicylic acid solution 2% – 5 ml .;
Levomycetin – 5 gr .;
medical alcohol – 50 ml;
boric acid – 50 ml.
Mix all the ingredients in a glass bottle. Hermetically close it. Wipe the problem areas with the talker several times a day, after shaking the compound. Apply until complete disappearance of problems with the skin.
White Clay Mask
White clay is a powerful natural antiseptic. Depending on the degree of contamination of the dermis, the mask is made 1-3 times a week for 4 months. Just dilute the clay with a small amount of boiled water to a creamy state, apply it on your face, wait for it to set. Rinse with warm water.
Hercules coarse polola mixed with natural yogurt or dissolved in warm water to a state of gruel. Soft circular movements of the composition is rubbed into the skin. The remains of the drug are left on the face for 15 minutes. Rinse with warm water, apply a moisturizer. Oatmeal acts as a delicate peeling, as they contain a lot of amino-acids, iodine and fluorine, which have a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin and renew it.
Erythromycin is a powerful antibiotic that cures the problem from the inside by acting externally. To create an effective tonic, mix in a dark glass container:
erythromycin – 5 g .;
zinc oxide – 5 g .;
boric acid – 50 ml.
All ingredients can be found in the pharmacy. Moisten a cotton pad in the solution and apply to the localization sites of comedones several times a day. Use within a week. Keep the tonic in the fridge by tightly closing the bottle with the cap. In most cases, erythromycin has proven to be an effective remedy for white papules. If the drug did not help, this is a serious reason to consult a doctor.
hydrosulfite – 10 g .;
glycerin – 35 g .;
sodium tetrabonate – 10 g .;
water – 200 ml.
Mix all ingredients. Apply to the cleaned dermis during the day, when you do not plan to use cosmetics, and at night. The active ingredients renew the epidermis and fight the increased production of fat, simultaneously opening the pores and pulling them out of the pus.
You can get rid of many problems with the skin, including closed comedones, with the help of soda. It quickly releases closed pores and disinfects the epidermis, dissolving greasy fat. Mix:
baking soda – 5 gr .;
iodized salt – 5 g .;
Liquid need so much to the mass turned into a dense cream. Apply the composition on the face for 5 minutes, then rinse with warm water. Be sure to use a moisturizer after washing, as the soda dries the skin.
The pharmacy has many effective remedies for the treatment of buried comedones. The most popular are:
In all these products, antibacterial and antimicrobial components are contained in different concentrations. The products are applied to clean skin, avoiding the lips and eyes, according to the instructions on the package. The duration of treatment is determined by a dermatologist. Pharmacy ointments can not be used for a long time, if they do not help. You can get a serious skin burn.
On the shelves of stores, on Asian Internet portals and in pharmacy chains there are many products that have proven themselves in the fight against closed comedones:
Lotion for dissolving closed comedones Super Lotion, Holy Land ≈ 1200 rub .;
suspension with 10% azelaic acid, The Ordinary ≈ 500 rubles;
warm pore cleansing balm with Egg Pore Blackhead SteamBalm, Tony Moly ≈ 900 rubles;
Acnomega 100 cream, Exfoliac ≈ 500 rub .;
lotion for deep cleansing of pores, Aravia ≈ 650 rubles;
emulsion EFFACLAR K (+), La Roche Posay ≈ 1000 rub .;
Triacneal face cream, Avene ≈ 1200 rub.
We hope that information on how to combat closed comedones on your face was useful to you. This is a serious problem requiring an integrated approach. Before you treat the defect with the purchase of drugs and folk remedies, be sure to go through a hormonal examination, give up bad habits and adjust the diet. Let your skin shine with health!